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Orangutan PNG Transparent Images

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License Info: Creative Commons 4.0 BY-NC


Submitted by on Feb 1, 2021

The word Orangutan comes from the Malay and Indonesian words “Orang” meaning “Person” and “Hutan” meaning “Forest.”

The Orangutan is one of the largest species of an ape; it has a large muscular body covered with long reddish-brown hair, very strong arms, short legs and no tail (the tail is how the distinction is made between ape and monkeys). Orangutans are about six times stronger than the average man. As the male matures, large disc-shaped cheek pads develop, and the regular, hairless face can often grow hair, which turns into a moustache. The voice deepens to allow distinctive and robust mating calls to attract females.

Males and females differ in size and appearance, with a male up to 1.7m tall having an arm span of about 2m, unlike a female who is only 1.3m tall.

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The Orangutan’s hands have four fingers and an opposable thumb but are entirely different from a human hand due to variations in the joints and tendons. This difference helps the Orangutan when moving through the trees. The other significant difference between a human hand and an orangutan hand is, when relaxed; a human hand is flat with straight fingers. In contrast, the fingers of orangutans remain curved, creating a handle that resembles a hook, which allows them to grab the branches while the hand is relaxed quickly. Their feet also have a big opposable toe so they can use them as a second pair of hands to grab things. Their hips have the same range of movement as their shoulders and arms, which gives them much greater flexibility.

Orangutans are among the most intelligent primates and use various sophisticated tools for gathering food, building nests and even playing. These apes have been widely studied for their learning abilities.

Family Life

Orangutans are the largest solitary of the great apes, social ties occurring mainly between mothers and their dependent offspring; they stay together for the first five or six years. During the first two years, the infant is entirely dependent on the mother.

The next three years are spent learning the skills to search for food, build nests, and avoid natural predators – mum teaches infants the dangers of snakes and anything that can harm them.

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