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Submitted by on Apr 19, 2022

Central Park is a New York City urban park located between Manhattan’s Upper West and Upper East Sides. With an area of 843 acres, it is the city’s fifth-largest park. With an estimated 42 million visits per year as of 2016, it is the most visited urban park in the United States and the most shot area on the planet.

It was established in 1853 to encompass 778 acres after requests for a huge park in Manhattan during the 1840s (315 ha). With their “Greensward Plan,” landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux won a design competition for the park in 1857. Existing structures, including a majority-Black village known as Seneca Village, were acquired and demolished through eminent domain the same year. In late 1858, the park’s first parts were opened to the public. In 1859, further property was acquired for Central Park’s northern end, and the park was finished in 1876. In the 1930s, New York City parks commissioner Robert Moses began a campaign to clean up Central Park after it had fallen into disrepair in the early twentieth century. In the 1980s, the Central Park Conservancy, founded in 1980 to prevent further degradation in the late twentieth century, renovated numerous portions of the park.

Landscapes like the Ramble and Lake, Hallett Nature Sanctuary, the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, and Sheep Meadow; amusement attractions like Wollman Rink, Central Park Carousel, and the Central Park Zoo; formal spaces like the Central Park Mall and Bethesda Terrace; and the Delacorte Theater are among the main attractions. Several hundred types of flora and wildlife make up the biologically rich ecosystem. Carriage and bicycle tours, bicycling, sports facilities, and concerts and events such as Shakespeare in the Park are all examples of recreational activities. Central Park is connected to the rest of the city via a network of roads and walkways, as well as public transit.

Its vastness and cultural significance make it a model for urban parks across the world. Central Park was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1963 and a New York City aesthetic landmark in 1974 as a result of its significance. The New York City Department of Parks and Recreation owns Central Park, but it has been administered by the Central Park Conservancy since 1998, under a public”private partnership agreement with the city. The Central Park Conservancy is a non-profit organization that raises the park’s yearly operating budget and is responsible for all of the park’s basic maintenance.

The “North End” of Central Park is located above the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir; “Mid-Park” is located between the reservoir and the Lake and Conservatory Water to the south; and “South End” is located below the Lake and Conservatory Water. Charles A. Dana Discovery Center, Belvedere CastleChess & Checkers House, the Dairy, and Columbus Circle are the park’s five visitor centers.

The park was nearly totally manicured when it was established in the 1850s and 1860s, and contains natural-looking vegetation and landforms. It contains eight manmade lakes and ponds built by damming natural springs and flows. There are a few woody areas, as well as lawns, meadows, and other tiny grassy regions. There are 21 playgrounds for kids and 6.1 miles (9.8 kilometers) of driving.

With an area of 843 acres, Central Park is the fifth-largest park in New York City, behind Pelham Bay Park, the Staten Island Greenbelt, Van Cortlandt Park, and Flushing Meadows”Corona Park (341 ha; 1.317 sq mi; 3.41 km2). Central Park has its own census tract, designated 143, in the United States. According to five-year estimates from the American Community Survey, the park was home to four females with a median age of 19.8. Despite the fact that the census tract had 25 individuals in 2010, park authorities have dismissed the allegation that anyone lived there permanently.

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