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History PNG Transparent Images

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Submitted by on Jul 6, 2021

History is the scientific study of the past (from Greek o, historia, meaning “inquiry; information obtained through research”). Prehistory refers to events that occurred before the creation of writing systems. The term “history” refers to previous events as well as the recollection, discovery, collecting, organization, presentation, and interpretation of knowledge about them. Historians use historical sources such as written records, oral narratives, ecological indicators, and material things such as art and artifacts to put the past into context.

History also refers to the academic field that uses narrative to describe, study, question, and analyze a series of historical events, as well as the patterns of cause and effect that are connected to them. Historians use narratives to understand and depict the past. They frequently argue over whether narrative better describes an event and the relevance of its causes and outcomes. Historians also dispute the nature of history and its use by addressing the discipline’s study as a goal in and of itself, as well as a means of offering “perspective” on contemporary affairs.

Cultural legacy or legends are stories that are common to society but are not substantiated by external sources (such as the mythology surrounding King Arthur). History is distinguished from myth by the fact that it is backed up by facts. Ancient influences, on the other hand, have aided in the emergence of many interpretations of the nature of history, which have developed over time and continue to alter now. The contemporary study of history is broad, encompassing both the study of geographical areas and the study of certain subject or theme aspects of historical inquiry. History is frequently taught in basic and secondary schools, and history is a significant academic field in university studies.

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Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian, is generally referred to as the “founder of history” in the Western tradition, although he has also been referred to as the “father of falsehoods.” He helped lay the groundwork for the current study of human history with his contemporary Thucydides. Their writings are still read today, and the divide between Herodotus, who concentrated on culture, and Thucydides, who focused on military affairs, is still a subject of debate or approach in current historical writing. The Spring and Autumn Annals, a state chronicle in East Asia, was believed to have been produced as early as 722 BC. However only 2nd-century BC manuscripts have survived.

The term history is derived from the Ancient Greek (histora), which means “investigation,” “knowledge gained by inquiry,” or “judgment.” In his History of Animals, Aristotle used the term in this way. Early references to the ancestor term may be found in Homeric Hymns, Heraclitus, the Athenian ephebes’ oath, and Boiotic inscriptions (in a legal sense, either “judge” or “witness”, or similar). The Latin term historia means “examination, inquiry, research, account, description, written account of past events, writing of history, historical narrative, documented knowledge of previous occurrences, story, narrative” and is derived from the Greek word historia. History was imported from Latin as str (“history, tale, story”) into Old English (perhaps via Old Irish or Old Welsh), but this term went out of usage in the late Old English era. Meanwhile, historia evolved into forms such as istorie, estoire, and historie as Latin became Old French (and Anglo-Norman), with new meanings: “account of the events of a person’s life (beginning of the 12th century), chronicle, an account of events as relevant to a group of people or people in general (1155), dramatic or pictorial representation of historical events (c. 1240).

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