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Policeman PNG Transparent Images

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Submitted by on Aug 8, 2021

The police are a formed body of people authorized by a government to enforce the law, protect citizens’ safety, health, and property, and prevent crime and civil unrest. Their legal powers include arrest and force, which the state legitimizes through its monopoly on violence. The word is most frequently connected with a sovereign state’s police forces that can exercise that state’s police authority within a designated legal or territorial area of responsibility.

The military and other institutions concerned with protecting the state against foreign aggressors are typically described as different from police forces; nevertheless, the gendarmerie is military formations entrusted with civil policing. Police forces are often supported by taxes and are part of the public sector.

Policing is more than just enforcing the law. In various settings, policing has encompassed multiple actions, but the most common ones are maintaining order. These evolved in certain cultures in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to sustain the class structure and protect private property. In today’s world, police officers are everywhere. Nonetheless, their function is debatable since they may be implicated in various degrees of corruption, violence, and strict rule enforcement.

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A police department, police service, constabulary, gendarmerie, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard, or civic guard are all used to describe the police force. Police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers, and civic/civil guards are all terms used to describe force members.

Ireland distinguishes itself from other English-speaking nations by referring to the national police force and its personnel as Garda (singular) and Garda (plural). The word police are the most global, and many non-English speaking nations use comparable terminology.

There are several slang names for cops. Many slang names for cops date back decades or centuries, and their origins are unknown. One of the oldest, policeman, has lost much of its slang overtones and has become a popular vernacular term for the general public and police officers to refer to their job.

The word police come from Middle French police (public order, administration, government), in turn from Latin politia, which is the Latinisation of the Greek o (politeia), “citizenship, administration, civil polity,” first attested in English in the early 15th century, originally in a range of senses encompassing “(public) policy; state; public order.” This is taken from the word (polis), which means “city.”

Since the Chu and Jin kingdoms of the Spring and Autumn periods emerged, law enforcement in ancient China was carried out by “prefects” for thousands of years. In Jin, dozens of prefects were dispersed around the state, each with limited power and tenure. Local judges appointed them, and they managed the civil administration of their “prefecture,” or jurisdiction. They reported to higher authorities such as governors, who the emperor chose.

“Subprefects” worked under each prefect and assisted law enforcement in the area. Investigations were handled by some prefects, just the way they are now by police detectives. Prefects may or may not be female. Local residents might go to a local prefectural office to report small legal violations against them, such as robbery. Other civilizations, such as Korea and Japan, adopted the notion of the “prefecture system.”

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