Postage Stamp PNG Transparent Images

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Submitted by on May 4, 2022

A postage stamp is a small piece of paper issued by a post office, postal administration, or other authorized vendors to customers who pay postage (the cost of moving, insuring, or registering mail) and affix the stamp to the face or address-side of any item of mail”an envelope or other postal cover (e.g., packet, box, mailing cylinder)”that they wish to send. The item is then processed by the postal system, which applies a postmark or cancellation mark to the stamp and its left and right sides to prevent it from being reused. A postmark or cancellation mark”in modern usage, indicating the date and point of origin of mailing”is then applied to the stamp and its left and right sides to prevent it from being reused. The item is then delivered to the intended recipient.

Every stamp is printed on a piece of usually rectangular, but sometimes triangular or otherwise shaped special custom-made paper whose back is either glazed with an adhesive gum or self-adhesive, and features the name of the issuing nation (with the exception of the United Kingdom), a denomination of its value, and often an illustration of persons, events, institutions, or natural realities that symbolize the nation’s traditions and values.

Stamp collectors prize them for their beauty and historical significance because governments issue stamps of various denominations in unequal numbers, discontinue some lines and introduce others, and because of their illustrations and association with the social and political realities of the time of their issue. Philately is the study of stamps and mailing systems. Because stamp collectors frequently acquire stamps from an issuing agency with no intention of using them for postage, the proceeds from such purchases plus postage payments can be a source of net profit for that agency. The Penny Black, the first adhesive postage stamp, was published in the United Kingdom on May 1, 1840. Postage stamps were launched in Switzerland and Brazil three years later, followed by the United States a year later, and by 1860, they were in 90 nations across the world. Because the issuing nation was not required to be displayed on the initial postage stamps, no country name was printed on them. As a result, the United Kingdom is the only country in the world whose name is not printed on postage stamps; the monarch’s portrait denotes the country of origin.

Sir Rowland Hill received various books and records regarding the mail service from Robert Wallace, a Member of (British) Parliament, in 1836, which Hill characterized as a “half hundred weight of stuff.” Hill sent a paper entitled Post Office Reform: Its Importance and Practicability to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Thomas Spring Rice, on 4 January 1837, marked “secret and confidential” and not disseminated to the general public. Hill was summoned to a conference where the Chancellor proposed modifications and revisions to be provided in a supplement, which Hill dutifully drafted and submitted on January 28, 1837.

Hill was called to testify before the Commission for Post Office Enquiry on February 13, 1837, and read from a letter to the Chancellor that included a statement that “the notation of paid postage could be created… by using a piece of paper just large enough to bear the stamp, and covered at the back with a glutinous wash…” This would go on to be the first clear description of a contemporary sticky postage stamp (though the term “postage stamp” originated at later date). Hill’s revised pamphlet, dated 22 February 1837, and including around 28,000 words, including the addition submitted to the Chancellor and remarks he made before the inquiry, was published and made available to the general public shortly after. Benjamin Hawes asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer on December 15, 1837, “whether it was the intention of the Government to give effect to the recommendation of the Commissioners of the Post-office, contained in their ninth report relating to the reduction of the rates of postage, and the issuing of penny stamps?” according to Hansard.

Hill’s ideas for postal stamps and charging paid-postage based on weight quickly caught on, and many governments throughout the world followed them. Using envelopes for sending papers became the standard once the new policy of charging by weight was implemented. Hill’s brother Edwin created a prototype envelope-making machine that could fold paper into envelopes rapidly enough to keep up with the demand for postal stamps.

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