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Terrorist PNG Transparent Images

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Submitted by on Oct 10, 2021

Terrorism is defined as the unlawful use of purposeful violence to achieve political goals, particularly against civilians. It is generally used in this context to allude to violence against non-combatants during times of peace or in the context of conflict (mostly civilians and neutral military personnel).

The phrases “terrorist” and “terrorism” were coined during the late-eighteenth-century French Revolution. Still, they became extensively used internationally and received widespread prominence in the 1970s during the Northern Ireland, Basque Country, and Israeli”Palestinian conflicts. The September 11 attacks in New York City, Arlington, and Pennsylvania in 2001 exemplified the rise in suicide attacks since the 1980s.

Terrorism is defined in various ways, and there is no universal agreement on what constitutes terrorism. Terrorism is a contentious phrase. It is frequently used to denote something that is “morally incorrect.” Governments and non-state organizations use the phrase to disparage or denounce opposing groups.

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Various political organizations have been accused of committing acts of terrorism to attain their goals. Among them are right-wing and left-wing political parties, nationalist and religious organizations, revolutionaries, and ruling regimes. Many states have passed legislation making terrorism a criminal offense. When nation states commit terrorism, the state perpetrating it does not consider it terrorism, leaving legality as a highly ambiguous matter. There is no agreement on whether or not terrorism should be considered a war crime.

Between 2000 and 2014, the Global Terrorism Database at the University of Maryland, College Park, reported over 61,000 acts of non-state terrorism, resulting in at least 140,000 deaths.

The term terroriste, which means “terrorist,” was used in 1794 by François-Nol Babeuf, a French philosopher who denounced Maximilien Robespierre’s Jacobin administration as a tyranny. The Brunswick Manifesto threatened Paris with “exemplary, never to be forgotten vengeance: the city would be subjected to military punishment and destruction” if the royal family was harmed in the years leading up to the Reign of Terror, but this only fueled the Revolution’s desire to abolish the monarchy.

After the French monarchy was dissolved in 1792, several writers’ views on the French Revolution shifted. The Committee of Public Safety administered a mass executions and public purges during the Reign of Terror, which started in July 1793 and lasted thirteen months.

Before the French Revolution, ancient thinkers spoke on tyrannicide, since the greatest political threat to Greco-Roman civilization was tyranny. The concept of tyranny occupied medieval philosophers as well, though some theologians, such as Thomas Aquinas, distinguished between usurpers, who anyone could kill, and legitimate rulers who abused their power, the latter of whom, according to Aquinas, could only be punished by a public authority. The first medieval Christian scholar to support tyranny was John of Salisbury.

In front of the Église Saint-Roch, Saint-Honoré Street, General Napoléon Bonaparte put down the royalist insurrection on October 5, 1795, opening the way for Directory administration.

According to most academics, the contemporary technique of terrorism may be traced back to the Jewish Sicarii Zealots who assaulted Romans and Jews in 1st-century Palestine. They trace the history of anarchism from the Persian Order of Assassins through 19th-century anarchists. The “Reign of Terror” is commonly thought to be an etymological problem. Since the 19th-century Anarchist Movement, terrorism has been used to characterize violence perpetrated by non-state groups rather than by governments.

Edmund Burke introduced the term “terrorists” in a description of the new French administration called “Directory” in December 1795:

After a long and arduous battle, the Troops finally defeated the Citizens… They have a large contingent of armed irregulars to further secure them. Thousands of the so-called Terrorists, whom they had imprisoned as the Satellites of Tyranny during their last Revolution, have been released on the public.

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